Vinyl Installation

Fluent Floors is proud to deliver superior quality, Engineered, Solid, Laminate and Vinyl flooring at competitive prices. We are constantly working to ensure that our flooring products meet the highest industry standards, from the raw materials to the finished product. Fluent Floors is sourced from a network of carefully selected manufacturers and sold through our exclusive dealer group to provide you with the ultimate in service and technical installation support.

Fluent Floors could not maintain the high standard of Fluent products if they were sold over the internet. Therefore, the purchase of Fluent Floors via the internet would automatically void the manufacturer's warranty.

DRY BACK GLUE DOWN VINYL PLANK INSTALLATION

STOP and read before proceeding!
It is important to properly install your Fluent Floors Flooring!

Materials

Fluent Floors Dry Back Glue Down Vinyl is suitable for all interior floor surfaces, above, on or below grade, and over concrete or wood substrates. With a clear wear layer of 0.5mm, Fluent Floors Dry Back Glue Down Vinyl is ideally suited for heavy commercial environments such as retail, leisure, health and education.

Fluent Floors Dry Back Glue Down Vinyl is manufactured under ISO 9001:2000, Quality Management Systems and ISO 14001 Environmental Management System. Suitable for recycling.

Testing

It is essential to conduct a calcium chloride test (moisture test) on all concrete floors. The test should be conducted around the perimeter of the room, at columns, and where moisture may be evident. The moisture emissions from the concrete should not exceed 5 lbs/1000sf/24 hrs (2.27 kg/ 92.9sm/24 hrs).

If the concrete exceeds moisture limitations, the installation should not proceed until the problem is corrected. A moisture problem can be corrected by sealing the concrete with any one of the many brands of concrete sealers available. After the sealer has been applied, re-test to ensure that the problem has been corrected. It is important to note that a moisture test indicates conditions at the time of testing only. The flooring contractor cannot be held responsible if moisture appears in the future causing adhesive failure.

Please note that new concrete subfloors contain a high percentage of moisture and must be allowed to dry out. The drying time will depend on several conditions, such as the type of concrete used, average air temperature, thickness and location of the slab. The addition of fly ash to the concrete can adversely affect the long term performance of adhesives. Please contact your representative before proceeding.

Storage and Handling

During this preliminary moisture-testing period, Fluent Floors Dry Back Glue Down Vinyl should be present at job site to allow an appropriate period for product to acclimatize. Remove material from packaging, spread out if possible and allow to condition in room where installation is to take place at a constant temperature of 64°F-79°F for a period of 24 hours prior to installation. This temperature should be maintained during installation, and for a 24-hour period after installation.

Subfloors

  1. Fluent Floors Dry Back Glue Down Vinyl may be installed over non-porous surfaces and existing vinyl floors or used in wet use areas using an approved luxury vinyl adhesive. For a non-porous surface, you must use a pressure sensitive adhesive. Please consult your Fluent Floors Representative for your particular application.
  2. All supporting surfaces shall be structurally sound, solid, stable, level, plumb and true to a tolerance in plane of ¼” in 10 feet (6 mm in 3 m) for floors. They shall be dry, clean and free of dust, oil, grease, paint, tar, wax, curing agent, primer, sealer, old adhesive or any deleterious substance and debris which may prevent or reduce adhesion.
  3. Mechanically sand, bead blast or scarify the substrate to completely remove all paint, loosely bonded topping, loose particles, construction debris, old adhesive and any contaminant that may prevent or reduce adhesion.
  4. Remove any trace of strong acid or alkali from the substrate prior to the application of the surface product and/or the adhesive.
  5. The supporting surfaces shall be dry. The moisture emission shall not 5 lbs/1000sf/24 hrs (2.27 kg/ 92.9sm/24 hrs) for concrete. For wood underlayment, the moisture content should meet with the requirements of the wood manufacturer and/or flooring manufacturer, generally 8-10% using a “Delhmorst Wood Moisture tester”.
  6. In all cases, the structural design of floors shall not allow a deflection of more than 1/360 of span under live or dead loads.

Concrete Subfloors

  1. Concrete substrates shall be free of sealer or curing compound. The substrate shall be cured for a minimum of 42 days and tested for moisture emission using the anhydrous calcium chloride method. Test results shall be no more than 5 lbs/1000sf/24 hrs (2.27 kg/ 92.9sm/24 hrs) prior to the installation of the floor covering.
  2. Concrete substrates shall be finished using a flat trowel. The surface shall be sound, true and level to a tolerance in plane of ¼’’ in 10 feet (6 mm in 3 m) for floors.
  3. The installer shall be responsible to complete a humidity test and provide the general contractor and/or the architect with the written results prior to the execution. A humidity test has to be done at least 96 hours (4 days) prior to commencing work and the results shall not exceed 5 lbs/1000sf/24 hrs (2.27 kg/ 92.9sm/24 hrs) with the anhydrous calcium chloride test.
  4. All new concrete surfaces should be steel trowel finished. A moisture barrier with a permeance of less than 0.2 metric perms as measured according to the ASMT-96 standard must be present under concrete slabs that are on or below grade. This barrier must be resistant to deterioration as well as to puncture during construction and must remain intact and continuous.
  5. Any repair to the concrete substrate shall be made using the proper surface preparation product specified sub-paragraph 2.1. Where self-smoothing surface preparation material is required, the concrete shall be bead blasted or scarified. Where a fast setting screed mortar or fast setting polymer-modified premixed mortar the concrete shall be scarified.
  6. Neutralize any traces of strong acid or alkali prior to application of the surface preparation product or the adhesive.

Wood Underlayment

  1. Particleboard, strand board and flake board are not RFCI-recommended underlayment’s, therefore are not recommended for use as a substrate for Fluent Floors flooring.
  2. Plywood substrate and underlayment shall be group 1, exterior grade plywood, CC plugged or better conforming to APA classification and U.S Product Standard PS 1-95 or a select or (SEL TF) COFI classified.
  3. The installation of wood underlayment shall comply with ASTM F499-84 standard.
  4. All wood underlayment shall be new and acclimated for at least 24 hours to the job site condition prior to installation.
  5. When required, the wood underlayment shall be filled and patched to correct seams, cracks, indentations and other subfloor irregularities using the proper products. PLANI/PATCH: Fast setting cement-based polymer modified patching compound and PLANI/PATCH PLUS: Acrylic latex additive for use with PLANI/PATCH are recommended. Other types of levelers, such as calcium sulfate/plaster/gypsum based compounds are not recommended.

Old Substrates

  1. Existing cement terrazzo, ceramic tile, vinyl composition tile, non-cushioned mineral fibrous felt-back sheet vinyl shall be sound, solid, well adhered, flawless, stripped or sanded clean and free of dust, wax, grease, soap residue or any deleterious substance that may reduce or prevent adhesion.
  2. When installed with an approved luxury vinyl adhesive, Fluent Floors Dry Back Glue Down Vinyl may be installed over a single layer of non-cushioned resilient flooring provided the following conditions have been met:

    A. The existing flooring must be fully adhered and well-bonded;

    A. The sub floor or underlayment that is under the existing resilient floor must meet the requirements of Fluent Floors.

    B. Any cuts, gouges, dents or other irregularities in the existing floor and any existing embossing or texture must be levelled to prevent telegraphing.

    C. Embossed vinyl flooring shall be properly levelled with the MAPEI PLANI/PATCH PLUS System and entire floor skim coated to ensure adhesion.

    D. Any waxes or finishes must be completely removed and rinsed with clean water; and

    E. If existing floor has been installed over concrete, on a below grade, one calcium chloride moisture test must be performed for every 1000 square feet. The results of the test must meet the requirements of both the existing floor and the Fluent Floors floor. Moisture tests should be conducted over an area where the existing floor and adhesive have been completely removed.

Adhesives

  1. Use an approved adhesive for luxury vinyl when applying Fluent Floors Dry Back Glue Down Vinyl over porous subfloors, such as concrete or wood.
  2. Use an approved urethane adhesive for luxury vinyl that is pressure sensitive when applying Fluent Floors Dry Back Glue Down Vinyl over non porous surfaces and existing vinyl floors or when used in wet use areas.
  3. Please consult your Fluent Floors Representative for your particular application.
  4. Do not install over concrete floors that are excessively cold.
  5. Spread the adhesive with the recommended notched trowel to assure enough adhesive coverage to achieve 95% transfer to the backing of the floor covering.
  6. Work in small enough area to ensure that Fluent Floors Dry Back Glue Down Vinyl planks are laid into adhesive immediately before it skins over or dries. The adhesive working time is approximately 20 minutes under normal conditions. Position the plank at proper position in the adhesive without sliding and pressing firmly down, paying special attention to the tile edges and corners and that the ends of the planks are staggered for best visual appearance. Periodically check by lifting a tile to make sure that at least 95% of the adhesive pattern has been transferred to the back of the plank or tile. If adhesive starts to set up or skins over, scrape it up and reapply fresh adhesive.
  7. Fluent Floors Dry Back Glue Down Vinyl planks installed next to each other shall be in consecutive lot numbers.
  8. Roll each section in both directions immediately upon completing with a minimum 100 lb. three section roller or a hand roller in smaller areas. Re-roll the entire area after one or two hours. Promptly remove adhesive smudges with a clean cloth dampened with water while adhesive is still fresh and mineral spirits when dried.
  9. Ensure that all tile and planks are free from general traffic for 24 hours after installation.
  10. Do not wash or polish the floor for a minimum of 48 hours after installation.
  11. The manufacturer or supplier will not be liable for any loss, damage or complaint of any kind if the specific laying procedure described in this guide is not followed.

Protection

  1. Protect the floor covering installation against dirt and other trades.
  2. Do not allow traffic over the installation before 24 hours after work completion.
  3. Do not wash the floor thoroughly with water before 30 days. Wipe with a Damp mop during the first month to allow adhesive to cure.
  4. Temperature and humidity during and after the floor covering installation will have a direct effect on the drying time of the adhesive, therefore ensure that room temperature is kept at a minimum of 65°F (15°C) and relative humidity of no more than 65% for a period of 72 hours after the completion of work.


ENGINEERED VINYL PLANK INSTALLATION

Environmental

Controlling floor temperature, room temperature and direct sunlight exposure, plays a very important part in ensuring that your floor performs as expected. Floor temperature and room temperature can be very different and you cannot assume that they are the same at all times. Direct sunlight magnified through a window will cause your floor temperature to rise significantly.

Preparation of the floor

Sub Floor (wood or concrete) must be structurally sound, clean, smooth, dry and free from dust, dirt, wax, grease or any other foreign matter that would interfere with flatness. Remove any curing agent from concrete surface, level any high spots and fill any cracks, holes and minor depressions then sand until smooth, grinding is required for uneven surfaces. Only a well prepared subfloor can lead to a successful installation. The moisture content of concrete subfloor should not be over 5%. Higher moisture rates will lead to all types of problems. Room temperature is about 70-75 F.

Proper acclimatization is also of importance. We recommend at least 24 hours of acclimatization so the floor substrate and the Vinyl plank are exposed to the right conditions.

Installation

Vinyl plank flooring has always been easy to install, but today’s no-glue vinyl plank systems are even easier. The planks lock together at the edges to form the surface of the floor, with nothing attaching them to the subfloor, so you can lay them over any solid, flat surface. Vinyl lock planks are formed to look like wood, with a patented locking system.

  1. Remove the floor trim from the perimeter of the floor with your hammer and prybar. Don’t break it. Set it aside.
  2. Lay the first row of this vinyl planks alongside your starting wall, locking them together at the ends. Put shims between the planks and the wall, to create a (1/4”) space that will allow for floor expansion. Lay all the full planks that will fit.
  3. Measure the space at the end of the first row of planks. Use your utility knife to cut a tile to size, running the knife alongside a straight-edge to score it, and then snapping the plank. Lay it with the cut side facing the wall.
  4. Lay the next courses of planks alongside the first building out in courses. Start each course at the opposite end of the room as the previous course, so the ends of the planks don’t line up between courses. Lock the planks together by their long edges, pushing them in at a downward angle, locking them, and then dropping them into place. Cut the ends as necessary.
  5. Cover the whole floor. Cut the final course of plank length-wise, so they fit against the wall with a small gap there(about ¼”).
  6. Nail the floor trim back in place, using your hammer and finish nails, to seal off the spaces by the walls. Nail the trim into the walls and not through the flooring.

Protection for Your Floor

  • When moving appliances or heavy furniture, lay a plywood panel on your floor and “walk” the item across it. This protects your floor from scuffing and tears.
  • Use floor protectors on furniture to reduce indentation. As a general rule of thumb, the heavier the item, the wider the floor protector needed.
  • Be careful with rolling casters. They can damage the floor. Therefore, we do not recommend them. If you choose to use them, the double wheel types are the best option.
  • Place a walk-off mat at outside entrances to reduce the amount of dirt brought into your home. We do not recommend the use of rubber or latex backed mats (except where noted) because the chemical (antioxidant) used to keep the backing from becoming brittle can permanently stain your floor. We suggest a non-staining vinyl backed mat or a woven rug that is colorfast. Most of these products are identified “colorfast” by the manufacturer.

Maintenance

  • After the flooring is completely installed, all dirt and construction derbies should be removed and the floor swept clean. Immediately clean up all spills with a damp rag.
  • Vacuum or sweep the floor regularly to remove all soil, girt, and sand. Do not use vacuum with a beater brush.
  • For regular maintenance sweep dirt and damp mop regularly with warm water and vinyl floor cleaner. Do not use soap based detergents or abrasive cleaners. Instead use neutral floor cleaners.
  • To avoid possible permanent indentation or surface damage, proper floor protection devices must be used under the furniture and appliances. Exercise care when removing or replacing furniture or appliances.
  • Always use clean equipment! Dirty equipment only will redistribute the dirt.